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TANZANITE: December Birthstone
Tanzanite is a birthstone for December, along with zircon and turquoise. It is also the gem for a 24th anniversary. Tanzanite is the violet blue to blue violet variety of the mineral zoisite. It is mined commercially only in one area of the world: the Merelani Hills of Tanzania, which is where it gets its name. The fact that it only has this one source makes tanzanite rarer than a diamond.
CITRINE: November Birthstone
Citrine is the birthstone for the month of November. It is also recognized as the gem that commemorates the thirteenth anniversary. Citrine derives its name from the French word, ‘citron’, which is a citrus fruit that resembles a large lemon. Citrine is composed of one of the most abundant minerals on Earth: quartz. The abundance of quartz would lead one to believe that citrine would be easily found and readily available, but the fact is this gemstone is very rare in nature.
OPAL: October Birthstone
Opal is the traditional October birthstone and is also the stone given to celebrate the 14th wedding anniversary. It is believed to have originated in India, which is the source of the first opals brought to the Western world. In Sanskrit it was called upala, a “precious stone" and in ancient Rome, this became opalus. Most opals are valued for their shifting colors in rainbow hues – a phenomenon known as “play-of-color.”
SAPPHIRE: September Birthstone
When it comes to blue gemstones, sapphire is simply unbeatable.
Sapphire is the birthstone for the month of September. It is a gem that has been cherished for thousands of years. “Sapphire” comes from the Greek word sappheiros, which means blue stone. Although the term sapphire usually refers to the blue variety (which is the most popular) of corundum (ruby is the red variety). In addition to being the September birthstone, sapphire is also the gem commemorating the 5th and 45th wedding anniversaries.
PERIDOT: August Birthstone
Peridot is the August birthstone and the 16th anniversary gemstone. It is believed to derive from the Arabic word ‘faridat’ meaning ‘gem’, some scholars agree the word peridot is rooted in the Greek word ‘peridona’ which means ‘giving plenty’. This may explain why peridot is associated with prosperity and good fortune.